Fourteen players was basically excluded regarding the analytical sample data because they said time intakes regarded as outliers

Epi Info™ app, type step three.5.cuatro (2008), was utilized to processes the details in the 3-big date food ideas. Meals constitution database used with so it device include 1,655 issues on pursuing the provide: 1,307 ingredients on the Us Department away from Farming, 80 ingredients in the eating constitution tables of Institute off Nutrients to possess Central America and Panama (INCAP), 254 foods regarding recipes aren’t used Costa Rica, and you can 13 dinners in the Costa Rican necessary fortification dining group.

Inside the slimming down consumption studies, outliers could be the outcome of misreporting otherwise programming mistakes, otherwise they could echo appropriate care about-report from non-normative eating consumption. Outliers is almost certainly not associate of your own population’s regular intake shipments and will establish biases and negatively impact analytical data and inferences. I utilized sex-particular unweighted complete times intake in the 1st percentile or more than the latest 99th percentile because thresholds having outliers, since the recommended by Dyer et al. (59). This is why, 804 participants stayed from the latest analysis.

Imply intake try modified to own overall times intake utilizing the residuals means when you look at the good regression model into the diet since the dependent variable and energy as the independent variable (60). Even if all nutrient residuals shown normality otherwise near normality whenever plotted, certain withdrawals was basically skewed. These data don’t adhere a great deal more directly into normal shipment of the record transformation, therefore we made a decision to maybe not journal changes the knowledge. To find the differences when considering the entire attributes of the analytical sample studies, Chi square was used to possess categorical parameters and you may Student’s t-sample getting continuing parameters.

Correlation between everyday nutrient intake of participants and you will TCRAD scores were determined. Analytical benefit try determined regarding Spearman’s Rank Order correlation. Time modified median thinking off eating plan high quality rating areas have been opposed across the around three TCRAD ratings. Pairwise several evaluation analysis is actually presented and you can mathematical benefit is actually calculated in the standard Wilcoxon fact. SAS adaptation nine.4 (SAS Institute) was utilized for all analyses. Most of the evaluating were 2-tailed together with statistical advantages height are lay given that 0.05.


Median consumption of energy-adjusted 14 parts of brand new TCRAD rating along the CRHEI kinds are shown inside Table dos. For all half dozen healthy components (beans, produce, fresh fruit, vegetable oils, dairy, and you may tortilla), energy-adjusted median consumption was basically rather lower to have teenagers that have lower TCRAD get versus teens with modest otherwise large TCRAD get. Towards the eight below average elements (yellow meat, good fats, desserts, sugary beverages, edibles, processed food items, and you can dough practices), energy-modified average consumption was in fact notably straight down to possess adolescents with a high TCRAD get against. reduced old-fashioned rating. But not, if you are felt a junk foods and inversely obtained, median intake off light rice is actually significantly highest during the teenage with high TCRAD get against. low conventional rating.

Table 2. Median (min-max) of time-modified portion consumption of your overall by categories of the fresh Traditional Costa Rican Teens Eating plan (TCRAD) score (n = 804) step one .

To recognize issues of the TCRAD rating, i tested associations amongst the score and you will sex, ages, SES, university form of (public/private), and you will home-based urban area (rural/urban) using a low-parametric ANOVA sample (Kruskal Wallis)

Overall, this new TCRAD score was rather coordinated with all of checked-out diet but complete times, glucose, cholesterol levels, and you will calcium supplements (Desk step three). Complete body weight, mono-, poly-, and you may saturated fats had been inversely and weakly synchronised to your TCRAD rating. Fiber, folate, magnesium, and potassium displayed modest self-confident relationship into TCRAD get.

Dining table step 3. Everyday full opportunity and you may nutrient intake regarding participants and you will relationship which have the standard Costa Rican Teenagers Eating plan rating a good .

Dietary intakes of TCRAD score components by adolescents’ sociodemographic. characteristics are presented in Table 4. Mean energy-adjusted TCRAD score was higher in girls than in boys (7.5 vs. 7.0, p = 0.0004), lower in adolescents classified as high SES compared to those classified as medium and low SES (6.9 vs. 7.2 vs. 7.3, p < 0.05),>